Cloud computing Definitions

This glossary explains the meaning of key words and phrases that information technology (IT) and business professionals use when discussing cloud computing and related software products. You can find additional definitions by visiting WhatIs.com or using the search box below.

  • D

    dynamic infrastructure

    Dynamic infrastructure refers to a collection of data center resources, such as compute, networking and storage, that can automatically provision and adjust itself as workload demands change.

  • E

    Engine Yard

    Engine Yard is a platform as a service (PaaS) provider that automates, configures and deploys applications in the cloud.

  • European Cloud Computing Strategy (ECCS)

    The European Cloud Computing Strategy (ECCS) is an initiative established by the European Commission to promote the adoption of cloud computing services.

  • G

    G-cloud (government cloud)

    G-Cloud, or Government Cloud Computing, is a U.K. government program aiming for government-wide adoption of cloud computing.

  • Google Cloud Dataproc

    Google Cloud Dataproc is a managed service within the Google Cloud Platform for processing large datasets, such as those used in big data initiatives. Dataproc is built on open source platforms including Apache Hadoop, Spark and Pig. The service is primarily used by data scientists, business decision-makers and researchers.

  • Google Cloud Platform (GCP)

    Google Cloud Platform is a suite of public cloud computing services offered by Google.

  • Google Cloud Storage Coldline

    Google Cloud Storage Coldline is a public cloud cold storage service from Google intended for archiving and disaster recovery.

  • Google Cloud Storage Nearline

    Google Cloud Storage Nearline is a public cloud storage service from Google intended for data archiving, backup and disaster recovery.

  • Google Preemptible VM

    A Preemptible VM (PVM) is a Google Compute Engine (GCE) virtual machine (VM) instance that can be purchased for a steep discount as long as the customer accepts that the instance will terminate after 24 hours. The customer must also agree that Google can shut down the PVM should additional capacity be required to run other workloads.

  • Google Stackdriver

    Google Stackdriver is a tool that provides application and virtual machine monitoring services for Google Cloud Platform and Amazon Web Services.

  • Google Transfer Appliance

    Google Transfer Appliance is a high-capacity storage server that enables enterprises to transport large volumes of data to Google Cloud Storage.

  • H

    Hadoop

    Hadoop is a free, Java-based programming framework that supports the processing of large data sets in a distributed computing environment. It is part of the Apache project sponsored by the Apache Software Foundation.

  • HP Helion (Hewlett-Packard Helion)

    HP Helion (Hewlett-Packard Helion) is the brand name for HP’s custom distribution of OpenStack.

  • hybrid cloud

    Hybrid cloud is a cloud computing environment that uses a mix of on-premises, private cloud and third-party, public cloud services with orchestration between the two platforms.

  • hybrid IT

    Hybrid IT is an approach to enterprise computing in which an organization provides and manages some information technology (IT) resources in-house but uses cloud-based services for others.

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